Information about parrot fever
Parrot fever is an uncommon contagious condition that causes pneumonia in human beings. Parrot high temperature is additionally called chlamydiosis, psittacosis, orornithosis.
Description of parrot fever
Parrot fever, which is referred to as avian psittacosis when it infects birds, is triggered by Chlamydia psittaci. Animal birds in the parrot family members, consisting of parrots, parakeets, macaws, andcockatiels, are the most common service providers of the infection. Various other birds that might likewise spread C.psittaci include pigeons, doves, mynah birds, and also turkeys. psittaci is normally dispersed from birds to humans through direct exposure to contaminated bird feces duringcage cleansing or by managing contaminated birds. In human beings, parrot high temperature could vary in severity fromminor flu-like symptoms to severe and dangerous pneumonia.
Signs of parrot fever
Parrot fever is typically transmitted by inhaling dirt from dried bird droppings or by handling infected birds. People could additionally spread the illness by person-to-person contact, but that is very rare. The signs and symptoms usually create within 5 to 14 days of exposure as well as consist of fever, frustration, cools, loss of cravings, coughing, as well as tiredness. In the most extreme cases of parrot fever, the person develops pneumonia. Individuals that work in pet dog shops or who maintain pet birds are the probably to become infected.
Medical diagnosis of parrot fever
Just 100-200 cases of parrot fever are reported each year in the United States. Doctors are most likely to take into consideration a diagnosis of parrot high temperature if thepatient has a current record of exposure to birds. An upper body x ray might likewise be utilized to identify the pneumonia created by C.psittaci.
Psittacosis is treated with an antibiotic, usually tetracycline (Achromycin, Sumycin); doxycycline (Doxy, Vibramycin); or erythromycin (Eryc, Ilotycin). Dental medication is typicallyprescribed for at least 10-14 days. Drastically ill individuals may be given intravenous antibiotics forthe initial couple of days of therapy.
The prognosis for recovery is outstanding; with antibiotic therapy, more than 99 % of patientswith parrot high temperature will certainly recover. Severe infections, however, could be fatal to the senior, untreatedpersons, and individuals with weak immune systems.
Prevention of parrot fever
As of 1998, there is no vaccine that is effective versus parrot fever. Birds that are imported in to the country as family pets should be quarantined to guarantee that they are not infected before they can be offered. Health authorities suggest that dog breeders as well as importers feed imported birds a special blend of feed combined with antibiotics for 45 days to make certain that any type of C. psittaci organisms aredestroyed. Additionally, bird cages and food as well as water bowls should be cleaned up daily.